Originally from the northern part of North America east of the Rocky Mountains. Introduced in 1919 to Arizona. Back olive-green; sides brassy-yellow with 6 to 9 dark vertical bars. Belly is white. Anal fin, pectoral and pelvic fins are amber-orange tinted. Small teeth, not canine-like. Soft (rear) dorsal fin has 12 to 13 rays. Length: 4 to 12 inches. Weight: 3 to 16 ounces. Maximum age of 11 years.
Location and Habitat
Found in Upper Lake Mary and Fool Hollow Lake. Prefer cold and clear water with moderate aquatic vegetation.
Spawn in early spring when water temperature reaches 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The eggs are extruded in a ribbon-like, gelatinous string, which is deposited over vegetation or woody debris. The parents do not guard the eggs or fry. Hatch to school immediately.
Young feed on plankton and insects. Adults feed on small fish, crawfish, snails, leaches and insects.
Schools of perch can be located by trolling or drifting lures or bait close to the bottom. Popular lures and baits include small jigs, spinners, worms, crickets and grubs. Fishing with minnows is unlawful in Lake Mary.
Like the walleye, yellow perch is one of the finest eating fish available. The meat is white, flaky and firm with an excellent flavor.