Game Management Unit 21
Species within this unit:
Antelope, Black Bear, Elk, Javelina, Mule Deer, White-tailed Deer, Quail
Beginning on I-17 at the Verde River; southerly on the southbound lane of I-17 to the New River Road (Exit 232); east on New River Road to Fig Springs Road; northeasterly on Fig Springs Road to the Tonto National Forest boundary; southeasterly along this boundary to the Verde River; north along the Verde River to I-17.
Overview: The pronghorn antelope in Unit 21 inhabit the Agua Fria grasslands, which is high desert grassland with native grasses and forbs dominating the flats, swales, and mesas. A juniper/grassland mosaic is found at the upper end of the watershed. Juniper and catclaw grow on hillsides at higher elevations while catclaw and mesquite are found at the lower elevations. The main factor affecting the pronghorn population is drought, followed by habitat loss and predation.
Areas: Pronghorn can be found in 3 main areas in unit 21. The southern population is found on Black and Perry Mesas. Black Mesa can be accessed from the north-bound exit of I-17 at the Sunset Point Rest area. Perry Mesa is accessed by the Bloody Basin road east of I-17. Take the Bloody Basin road approximately 9 miles to forest road 14. There are several roads off of FR-14 that access Perry Mesa. Perry Mesa normally holds the largest pronghorn numbers in the unit, but a fire in 2017 followed by a severe drought has reduced the numbers there.
The northern pronghorn population is found on Marlowe and Yellow Jacket Mesas north of the town of Dugas. Although access through the Horner Mountain Ranch is no longer available, there are two OHV-only trails that access the mesas. One trail is located by Cottonwood Tank which is access of off forest road 68D. The other trail accesses Marlowe Mesa off of forest road 9601M, which is near Willow Spring off of forest road 68G east of Dugas.
Reimer Draw is the western population of pronghorn. This area is between I-17 and forest road 68D and between the Dugas road and forest road 732. There are many side roads that access all of this country.
There are a few pronghorn on Sycamore Mesa, but road access to this area has been lost, making it very difficult to access. The high temperatures during pronghorn hunts would make it very hard to harvest an antelope and pack it out without it spoiling.
Overview: Elk sightings in Unit 21 began to be reported in the early 80’s. There is currently a small number of elk that reside in Unit 21. Elk may move back and forth to Units 6A, and 19A.
Most of the country that elk can be found in is extremely rugged. The roads that access most of the elk country are terrible and is not an option most of the time. Successful elk hunters should be prepared to pack the animal using friends with backpacks or pack animals. Temperatures during the early season hunts can be very high during the day, so hunters should plan on having help to pack out meat before it spoils. It is unlawful to allow any edible portion of a game animal to go to waste.
The most productive time to scout for elk in Unit 21 is during the rut which usually starts in early September. However, scouting before this time period will allow hunters to become familiar with roads and the lay of the land, which can pay off big when the hunt rolls around. Quality optics are a must for Unit 21 elk hunters, and the use of a tripod is highly recommended. The elk normally hang out in the large, steep canyons that run off the Verde Rim, but can sometimes be found on the ridge tops. Elk are dispersing more and more as time goes by and can occasionally be found south of the Bloody Basin road.
Areas: Elk are primarily found along the Black Hills that make up the Verde Rim from I-17 to the Bloody Basin road. Forest road 732 accesses the area around Squaw Peak. Forest road 68G accesses Tule Mesa, and forest road 68 access the Pine Mountain Wilderness area. This wilderness area has a number of hiking trails that access the heart of the elk country, but are extremely remote. Elk are occasionally found off of forest road 44, which is accessed by the Bloody Basin road.
Overview: Javelina can be found in a variety of different habitat types in Unit 21 from the sonoran desert up to the pinyon juniper woodland. Scout areas prior to your hunt to locate fresh sign where javelina travel, bed, and feed. Look for scat, tracks, and rooting. Once you have located an area likely to contain javelina, find a good vantage point nearby to glass from.
Unit 21 is located near the Phoenix Metropolitan area, and is a popular unit to pursue javelina in. It is likely that camping and hunting areas will be crowded during the opening weekends.
Areas: The areas below are meant to provide you with good places to start scouting or hunting javelina in Unit 21. The areas are broken up into the three main land management offices.
Prescott National Forest: Javelina can be found in the Reimer Draw area using the small canyons and drainages cut into the edges of the small mesas in the area. Reimer Draw can be accessed by traveling north on the Reimer Road (Forest Road 68D) from the Dugas Road (Forest Road 68).
Javelina can also be found on the Prescott National Forest near Dugas in the Dry Creek, Ash Creek, Little Ash Creek, and Sycamore Creek drainages. Travel east from I-17 on the Dugas Road (FR 68) at exit 268 to access the Dugas area.
Tonto National Forest: The North Red Creek, Red Creek, and Tangle Creek drainages in Bloody Basin hold good numbers of javelina. To access Bloody Basin, travel east from I-17 at exit 259 on the Bloody Basin Road (FR 269) until you travel down the edge of the Verde Rim. This area can also be accessed by traveling north from Cave Creek on the Seven Springs Road (FR 24) to the Bloody Basin Road intersection.
Javelina can be found in the Silver Creek, and Bishop Creek drainages southwest of Pine Mountain. Access these areas by traveling east from I-17 at exit 259 on the Bloody Basin Road (FR 269) and travel north on the Silver Creek Road (FR 677) or the 44 Loop Road (FR 44).
North of Cave Creek, javelina can be found in much of the country around Seven Springs. The Cave Creek Fire burned much of this area in 2005, but wildlife has started to use habitat that has recovered from the fire. To access this country, travel north from Cave Creek on the Seven Springs Road (FR 24) and use a variety of short spur roads that go both east and west from the Seven Springs Road. Hiking a ways from the roads will decrease the probability of running into other hunters.
North of New River, javelina can be found in the New River Drainage, New River Mountains, and New River Mesa areas. Access to these areas can be found by traveling east of I-17 on Forest Road 41 from exit 236 (Table Mesa exit) or west on FR 41 from the Seven Springs Road.
Bureau of Land Management: Northeast of Black Canyon City, javelina can be found in most of the Agua Fria River drainage. There are several access points to this area. Travel east from I-17 at exit 259 on the Bloody Basin Road (FR 269) for several miles. You will cross the Agua Fria River near the Horseshoe Ranch. From here you can continue to travel east on the Bloody Basin Road and then travel south on BLM 9014 (formerly called the 14 Road, and still FR 14 south of the BLM on the Tonto National Forest). Travel west from the 14 Road across Perry Mesa to the Agua Fria Drainage on the west side of the mesa. The Agua Fria Drainage can also be accessed from the Badger Springs exit off of I-17 at exit 256 and Sunset Point at exit 253.
Tips: Using the very best optics in your price range will help you become a more successful javelina hunter. Quality binoculars mounted on a tripod used systematically to glass javelina habitat is the most effective method used to locate them. Glass the sunny south-facing slopes in cold weather to locate javelina as they warm up and begin to feed in the morning. Plan your stalk to stay downwind and move slow. Javelina have poor eyesight, but excellent hearing and sense of smell.
Overview: Not much different from the rest of the state, the Mule Deer population in Unit 21 has declined over the past several decades, but buck to doe ratios have remained fairly constant. Hunters will need to do some pre-scouting to locate areas deer are currently using.
Unit 21 is located near the Phoenix Metropolitan area, and is a popular unit to pursue Mule Deer in. It is likely that camping and hunting areas will be crowded during the opening weekends.
While hunting Mule Deer in Unit 21, it is not uncommon to see Whitetail deer in the same area. Be sure of your target.
While there are surely exceptions, mule deer can primarily be found in the more open, and gentle country in unit 21 when compared to whitetail. Mule deer like the open grasslands and gentle slopes.
Areas: The areas below are meant to provide you with good places to start scouting or hunting mule deer in Unit 21. The areas are broken up into the three main land management offices.
Prescott National Forest: Mule Deer can be found in the Reimer Draw area using drainages, basins, and mesas in the area. Reimer Draw can be accessed by traveling north on the Reimer Road (Forest Road 68D) from the Dugas Road (Forest Road 68).
Mule Deer can also be found on the Prescott National Forest near Dugas in the Dry Creek, Ash Creek, Little Ash Creek, and Sycamore Creek drainages. Travel east from I-17 on the Dugas Road (FR 68) at exit 268 to access the Dugas area.
Continuing east from Dugas, Mule Deer can be found in the Pinyon-Juniper and Chaparral transition zones on ridges and in drainages all the way up to the Verde Rim.
When hunting on BLM Land, glass and hunt all drainages that lead into the Agua Fria River system. White-tailed deer utilize these drainages along with mule deer, so species identification is very important. Look for mule deer at the head of drainage cuts early in the morning as they return to bed sites on the thick brushy slopes. Further south near Black Canyon City try hunting the desert canyons. This is rough county and not for the weak of heart. Access is limited, so be prepared to do lots of up and down hiking. Locate and hunt around springs and try to glass hillsides in these areas. Be careful not to trespass on the private ranches in the area.
The Tonto National Forest encompasses the majority of Unit 21. Access points along Interstate 17 include the Bloody Basin and the Table Mesa roads. Both roads will lead hunters into good mule deer country. From the Bloody Basin Road, try hunting north on the 677 Road. Hunt and glass the area to the east. It is thick chaparral interspersed with open slopes. The Bloody Basin Road will take you to the Verde Rim where there are some mule deer but this is mainly white-tailed deer habitat. Continue to drive down the Rim since both sides of the road are good areas to glass for mule deer. FS Road 16, which is off the Bloody Basin Road, will take you north into several good mule deer hunting locations. Try hunting the canyons that drain off of the Verde Rim.
From the Table Mesa Road glass and hunt the lower slopes of the New River Mountains. Concentrate on the south facing slopes, but don’t overlook the cuts coming off New River Mesa, which is to the south.
Additional access to the unit is the Seven Springs Road (FS Road 24), which is north of the town of Carefree. Locate perennial springs on your Forest Service map, as these are great places to look for mule deer. Good luck on your hunt!
Overview: Quail populations have declined dramatically over the last decade due to long-term drought conditions. Hunters using dogs will want to hunt around the Dugas area due to small amounts of cactus. Hunters without dogs will want to focus on the southern half of the unit where quail numbers are higher, but so is the amount of cactus.
Quail numbers are limited north of the Bloody Basin road, and are found only in small pockets that are usually in very remote locations. Look for small side canyons with springs and permanent water.
The southern half of the unit offers better quail hunting, but numbers are still below average. Look for washes with good vegetation and permanent water. The desert areas seem to hold more quail than the chapparal areas at higher elevations.
Areas: The areas below are meant to provide you with good places to start scouting or hunting whitetail in Unit 21. The areas are broken up into the three main land management offices.
Prescott National Forest: South of Camp Verde, whitetail can be found in the Black Hills. This complex includes Squaw Peak, the Verde Rim, and Pine Mountain. The Verde Rim is a large escarpment overlooking the Verde River drainage. Squaw Peak and Pine Mountain are both high points along the Verde Rim with elevations above 6500 feet. Drainages coming off of these areas to the east hold good numbers of whitetail. To access Squaw Peak, travel east from I-17 at exit 278 on the Squaw Peak Road (Forest Road 732). To access the Verde Rim and Pine Mountain, travel east from I-17 at exit 268 on the Dugas Road (FR 68). There are two wilderness areas on the Prescott National Forest in Unit 21. Cedar Bench and Pine Mountain Wilderness areas offer great places to pack in if a whitetail hunter wants to get away from most other hunters.
Tonto National Forest: Southwest of Pine Mountain, whitetail can be found in most of the country along the southern portion of the Verde Rim. Rugged Mesa is a good place to start. To access Rugged Mesa, travel east from I-17 at exit 259 on the Bloody Basin Road (FR 269) and travel north on the most easterly portion of the 44 Loop Road (FR 44). Hutch Mesa is also a good place to locate whitetail. To access Hutch Mesa, travel south on FR 58 from the Bloody Basin Road.
Southeast of Pine Mountain, whitetail can be found in most of the canyons that drain into the Verde River. The Red Creek area holds good numbers of whitetail. To access Red Creek, travel east from I-17 at exit 259 on the Bloody Basin Road and travel north on FR 16. This area can also be accessed by traveling north from Cave Creek on the Seven Springs Road (FR 24) to the Bloody Basin Road intersection, then going east towards FR 16.
Near the intersection of the Bloody Basin and Seven Springs Roads (FR 269 and 24) whitetail can be found in the East and West Cedar Mountain areas as well as the drainages between them and Tangle Creek.
North of Cave Creek, whitetail can be found in much of the country north of Seven Springs. The Cave Creek Fire burned much of this area in 2005, but deer have started to use habitat that has recovered from the fire. To access this country, travel north from Cave Creek on the Seven Springs Road (FR 24) and use a variety of short spur roads that go both east and west from the Seven Springs Road. Hiking a ways from the roads will decrease the probability of running into other hunters.
Bureau of Land Management: Northeast of Black Canyon City, whitetail can be found in some portions of the Agua Fria River drainage, such as Larry and Lousy Canyons. To access these canyons, travel east from I-17 at exit 259 on the Bloody Basin Road (FR 269) to the 14 Road (FR 14). Travel south on the 14 Road to FR 610 (the second large steel gate south of the Bloody Basin Road). Travel west on FR 610 to Larry and Lousy Canyons.
Tips: Using the very best optics in your price range will help you become a more successful whitetail hunter. Quality binoculars mounted on a tripod used systematically to glass whitetail habitat is the most effective method used to locate the elusive Coues deer. Spend most of the day out in the field behind your binoculars, not just the morning and evening. Deer are often located during midday hours, and are easier to stalk while they are not moving.
Pre-season scouting is not only a great way to spend time outdoors with friends and family, but can pay off when the hunt rolls around. Hunters who scout are not only more familiar with where the deer and deer sign are located, but are also more familiar with roads used to access areas and the lay of the land.
Overview: The entire unit has good quail populations except for high elevations found in the north-central portion of the unit. The 1997-’98 quail season was one of the most difficult for quail hunters due to the continuing drought over the last several years. Quail hunting is expected to improve for the 1998-’99 season depending on the combination of winter rains and summer monsoons. Since Unit 21 is so large and there are many areas to hunt quail, it is the hunter’s choice where they like to hunt. Quail hunters with dogs will have better luck in the northern open country and those without dogs might be better off hunting the southern half of Unit 21. One tip while on a quail hunt is not to spend too much time in one area. You may find that you are more successful using this method than hunting a single area for a long period of time.
Areas: Here are just a few suggestions on locations to try hunting quail in Unit 21. In the north portion of Unit 21 take the Bloody Basin Road east and try hunting Cornstalk Flat which is just west of FS Road 677. Continue north on the 677 Road and hunt the heads of Silver and Bishop Creek. Try hunting around the junction of FS Road 269 and FS 24 Road, which is near Tangle Creek. From Interstate 17 take the Table Mesa Road east to FS Road 24, hunting along the way. In the southern half of the unit try hunting both sides of FS Road 205 all the way to Horseshoe Lake.
Black bears are primarily associated with the chaparral and pine-oak woodlands habitat types. Gambel oak thickets (in years with good acorn production) are good places to check. Glassing oak thickets is difficult and the use of predator calls can enhance your probability of success. During some years, black bears can be located in the desert scrub habitat where thick stands of prickly pear cactus are found. Prickly pear flats can often provide excellent glassing and stalking opportunities for bear hunters. Look for prickly pear flats that extend up brushy slopes. This situation provides bears with good feeding sites adjacent to cover to retire to. Later in the fall, Try hunting both high and low elevation types of habitat if you are having trouble-locating bears in one or the other. Be sure and call the Bear line (1-800-970-BEAR) to make sure the season has not closed due to the female harvest objective being reached before you go.
Areas to focus bear hunting efforts are in the Black Hills along the Verde Rim. Most high elevation drainages off of the Verde Rim are good bear habitat. Travel east off of I-17 on the Squaw Peak Road (FR 732 at exit 278), Dugas Road (FR 68 at exit 268), or the Bloody Basin Road (FR 269 at exit 259) to access the Verde Rim. Some of the slopes coming off of the Verde Rim can also be accessed west of the Seven Springs Road (FR 24).
Black bears, more than any other big game species in Arizona must be hunted early in the morning or late afternoon during the early fall hunts, if the hunter is to have an opportunity to locate the animals. Scouting prospective areas helps greatly and the use of binoculars and/or a spotting scope is almost mandatory. To judge a bear, look at body bulk and relative size of legs to the body and the ear size relative to the head. A bear with long -lanky looking legs is probably a young smaller bear. A bear with small appearing ears probably means a larger bear since bears’ ears (young and old) are generally about 5 inches long. Hence the smaller the ears appear in relation to the head, the bigger the bear’s head, which probably means a bigger bear.
|Primary Game Species/ Hunting Month(s)|
|Secondary Game Species/ Hunting Month(s)|
|Average # permits in past 5 years|
|Month||Avg. Temp||Avg. Rainfall||Avg. Snowfall|
|January||Max 57°/Min 32°||1.55″||0.5″|
|February||Max 61°/Min 34°||1.47″||0.4″|
|March||Max 65°/Min 37°||1.45″||0.3″|
|April||Max 73°/Min 42°||0.61″||0.2″|
|May||Max 82°/Min 49°||0.38″||0.0″|
|June||Max 92°/Min 57°||0.29″||0.0″|
|July||Max 96°/Min 66°||1.78″||0.0″|
|August||Max 93°/Min 65°||2.43″||0.0″|
|September||Max 88°/Min 59°||1.63″||0.0″|
|October||Max 78°/Min 49°||1.10″||0.0″|
|November||Max 66°/Min 39°||1.08″||0.3″|
|December||Max 58°/Min 33°||1.40″||0.5″|
Other Pertinent Climate Information
Climate data from Cordes (elev. 3,790′). Conditions vary widely depending on elevation. Mountain roads are muddy after prolonged rain and some are closed during wet conditions. Some roads require a high-clearance vehicle. Check with managing agency.
Cities, Roads & Campgrounds
Major Cities and Towns in or Near Game Management Unit and Nearest Gas, Food, and Lodging
Cave Creek, New River, Black Canyon City, Cordes Jct., Camp Verde
Major Highways and Roads Leading To
From the East: Forest Service Rd 24 (dirt)
From the West: State Hwy 69
From the North: I-17
From the South: I-17
Tonto National Forest manages Bartlett Lake Recreation Area and Seven Springs, and Prescott National Forest manages Salt Flat (Pine Mountain). Camping is allowed on Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management land without a permit.
Brief Description of Terrain, Elevation, and Vegetation
Bounded on the north and east by the Verde River and on the west by I-17. Varied terrain ranging from desert plains and low rocky mountains in the south, to extensive mesas in the west, the steep mountains of the Black Hills in the northeast, and the Verde River valley in the east. Elevations range from about 1,200′ in the southern river valley to 6,814′ on Pine Mountain in the northeast. Vegetation is Sonoran Desertscrub in the south, semidesert grasslands on the mesas, riparian woodlands/marshlands along creek sides and riverbanks, and pinyon-juniper, gambel oak, and ponderosa pine on the mountains.
Government Agencies and Phone Numbers
Arizona Game and Fish Department, Region VI – 480-981-9400
Tonto National Forest, Cave Creek Ranger District – 480-595-3300
Prescott National Forest, Verde Ranger District – 928-567-4121
Bureau of Land Management, Phoenix Field Office – 623-580-5500