Mountain Lions in Arizona
The mountain lion occurs only in the western hemisphere and has one of the most extensive ranges of any land mammal, from the Straights of Magellan in South America to the Canadian Yukon. The species is also called cougar, puma, catamount, and panther and is the largest cat native to North America. These animals are specialized top predators that stalk and ambush their prey. They prefer to hunt in steep, rocky terrain and from high vantage points.
Mountain lions are not endangered or scarce in Arizona. Biologists estimate the current statewide mountain lion population to be between 2,500 to 3,000 animals and consider it stable to growing. The species is found throughout the state, but it is most abundant in areas where its major prey species, deer, are present.
Loss of habitat from human development represents the single largest threat to conservation of mountain lions in Arizona.
- Mountain lion hunting
- Living with mountain lions
- Dispelling the Myths and Frequently Asked Questions