Brook Trout

Native to North America: Eastern Canada from Newfoundland to the western side of the Hudson Bay, South along the Appalachian Mountains.

  • Common Name:

    Brook Trout

  • Scientific Name:

    Salvelinus fontinalis

  • Weight:

    3 ozs - over 3 lbs

  • Size:

    5-12 inches

  • Where to See:

    Brook trout are found in colder streams and lakes in the White Mountains.


Introduced to Arizona in 1903. Brook trout are actually chars, related more closely to fishes that live in colder areas of the Northern Hemisphere than to true trout. They are smaller than true trout. Gray to olive-green on the back. Vermiculations or worm-like markings on the back and dorsal fin. Sides lighter in color with blue halos around pink or red spots. White edge on lower fins and lower tail.

Unlike most trout, spawning occurs in late October through December. Spawning behavior in stream gravels with guarded redds is similar to other trout species.

More About Black Crappie

They feed on aquatic and terrestrial insects and invertebrates. Larger adults prefer big food items that may include smaller fish.
They are easy to catch, especially in the early spring or late fall when cold water temperatures keep the fish very active. They are also easily caught near rocky and gravel shorelines during fall spawning runs.
Table quality
The brook trout has a delicious flavor, with flaky meat ranging in color from white to pinkish-orange.

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To conserve Arizona’s diverse wildlife resources and manage for safe, compatible outdoor recreation opportunities for current and future generations.

Fishing Regulations

Rules and regulations for fishing in Arizona.

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