Discover Arizona’s Wildlife Species
From scales to fur, from feathers to horns, you’ll find a rich diversity of wildlife in Arizona.
Use the filters below to get to know the birds, reptiles, fish and mammals we actively manage.
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The Apache is one of Arizona’s two native trout species and is the Arizona state fish. Body color is yellowish-gold at the top of the head and the back is a dark olive.
The Arctic grayling is native to Siberia and North America as far south as Montana, introduced into Arizona in 1940.
As migratory birds, band-tailed pigeons are only present in Arizona from late March through mid-October.
At their peak, North American bighorn sheep numbers were estimated at 2 million. Desert populations have since fallen to about 20,000 and Rocky Mountain populations are at about 45,000.
Bison are an American conservation success story and an icon of wildlife conservation. In 2016 to commemorate it’s storied past, bison were recognized as the official U.S. mammal.
Black bears are normally solitary animals, except for family groups (mother and cubs), breeding pairs, and congregations at feeding sites. Black bears are known to move long distances (100 miles) to exploit isolated pockets of food.
Introduced to Arizona in 1905. Head and back heavily and irregularly spotted with black blotches on a silver-olive background; tail, dorsal and anal fins are spotted.
Once thought to be extinct, the black-footed ferret was reintroduced in Arizona in 1996. See how we monitor them in the wild.
Black-tailed Prairie Dog
Black-tailed prairie dogs are diurnal rodents that are approximately 14 inches long. They are highly social animals that live in family groups called coteries.
Native to the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River Basin. Introduced to Arizona in 1932.
The bobcat’s most distinguishing characteristic is its short, bobbed tail, which has white fur on the underside and a black tip.
Introduced to Arizona in 1903. Brook trout are actually chars, related more closely to fishes that live in colder areas of the Northern Hemisphere than to true trout.
Want to Get Even Closer to Arizona Wildlife?
Find ways to experience and support our state’s unique species of wildlife.