Northern Pike

Back and sides are dusky olive-green with rows of light oval spots.

  • Common Name:

    Northern Pike

  • Scientific Name:

    Esox lucius

  • Weight:

    8 ozs - over 24 lbs

  • Size:

    12-47 inches

  • Where to See:

    Found in Lake Mary, Ashurst Lake, and Long Lake, south of Flagstaff.


Northern pike’s dorsal, anal and tail fin have round to oblong darkened spots. Dorsal fin located far back on an elongated body. Large canine-like teeth. Cheeks completely scaled, only upper half of the gill cover is scaled. Maximum age is 30 years.

Spawn in early spring just after ice thaws. Spawning occurs during the day. Adhesive eggs simply scattered over the bottom or onto vegetation. Eggs hatch rapidly in 12-14 days. Young remain in shallows for several weeks.

More About Northern Pike

Fish make up the bulk of their diet but they will also take frogs, crayfish, waterdogs, ducklings, birds and mice. Unfortunately, pike enjoy eating rainbow trout and can greatly disrupt trout populations (and fishing success) in waters intended for trout only.
Effective lures and bait for pike are spoons, spinners, plugs or waterdogs. Fishing with minnows is unlawful in nearly all pike waters; make sure to check the fishing regulations. Northern pike have sharp teeth; so many anglers use a wire leader to prevent the line from being cut.

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Fishing Regulations

Rules and regulations for fishing in Arizona.

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