Discover Arizona’s Wildlife Species
From scales to fur, from feathers to horns, you’ll find a rich diversity of wildlife in Arizona.
Use the filters below to get to know the birds, reptiles, fish and mammals we actively manage.
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Exotic from Europe. Introduced in Arizona in 1931. Olive-brown with yellowish brown sides. Some orange or red spots on the sides, black spots often encircled with light yellow or white, dark spots on back and sides.
California condors, are the largest flying land bird in North America. Condors have a wingspan of 9 ½ feet, and can weigh up to 25 pounds as adults.
Channel catfish have few spots on the large adults. Smooth, scaleless skin. Four pair of barbels or ‘whiskers.’ Short base on small adipose fin. Deeply forked tail. Anal fin has 24 to 30 rays and is slightly rounded.
Chukars are not native to Arizona but the middle east, with those birds found in Arizona most likely originating in India.
Three species of cottontail occur in Arizona: the mountain cottontail, eastern cottontail, and desert cottontail.
Coyotes are Arizona’s most common predator and found throughout the entire state. Though not always seen, their vocalizations, consisting of howls, yelps, and barks, are regularly heard during almost any night spent in the field.
Arizona has two native species of tortoise, the Sonoran desert tortoise, and the Mojave desert tortoise.
Mourning dove, white-winged dove and collared dove are game birds occurring in Arizona.
Dusky grouse are named after the bluish-gray appearance of the male.
Elk were at one time the most widely distributed member of the deer family in North America – found everywhere except the Great Basin desert and the Southern coastal plains. Their population was estimated to total 10 million.
The Gila trout is one of Arizona’s two threatened native trout species and is also found in New Mexico. Dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins have a white to yellowish tip that may extend along the leading edge of the pelvic fins.
The collared peccary, or javelina, evolved in South America and migrated north, only recently arriving in Arizona. Javelina bones are not found in Arizona archaeological sites and early settlers made infrequent references to their occurrence.
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Find ways to experience and support our state’s unique species of wildlife.